We all know that chess is one most popular board game in the whole wide world. It is a board game that allows the players to use their own strategic skills. Each of the players start the game with sixteen pieces that are being moved and used with the aim of capturing the opposing pieces in accordance to the rules of the game. In this article, you will get to know about the best chess openings most especially for the beginners. So read on to learn some techniques and principles on chess!
Before we get to start, let us first talk about the general philosophies that one must follow in the opening of chess game. A lot of beginners may wonder what this chess opening is and what does it really have to do with the game itself.
The opening or the opening moves is actually the term that is used to indicate the group of first moves. Normally, it starts with the first 10-12 moves of the pieces in the chessboard. Furthermore, the term may be talked about by either of the sides, the black or white piece. However, an opening from the black piece may also be known as the defense. The first 10 to 12 moves consist of:
- Four to six moves from the knight or bishop.
- Two or three of the pawns moves to the center.
- And a move from the queen that guarantees the connectivity of the rooks.
Let us now discuss a little bit more of the principles of opening.
Basic Rules of Chess Opening
After attaining the first rule, focus your attention to the king. The safety of the king is so important; to achieve this, you must use a move called “The Castling”. To be able to castle, move out the pieces that are in between the king and one of your rooks.
2. The Center of the Board Game
Get a control over the center of the board; if you are in control of the center, it’ll be a powerful tool to establish a good attack. Move one or two of your pawns to the center of the board to fill some important squares. If you have a control at the center, you can make an attack on both of the sides of the board.
3. Aim One Rook
Once the rooks can see each other, your ultimate goal is to move one of the rooks into the central file. You may also use an empty file wherein there are no pawns in it. The rooks functions more effectively at a distance and it may only act as long as it can see so don’t let it sit behind a pawn, it would only be useless, unless if the pawn really needs the protection of the rook.
4. Connection of Rooks
After castling get the rest of your pieces into the game, consider the role of the rooks. Your third goal is to connect the rooks and to make sure that all of the pieces between them are moved out of the way and of course the move should only be done after castling.
5 Best Openings for Beginners
1. Italian Game
The Italian game is not just one of the oldest opening but also one of the most played opening by all levels. It has a reputation of being a rather quiet opening so, this isn’t the perfect choice for players that are looking for an all out advantage. However its simplicity is what makes it one of the best choices for beginners. The Italian game starts with the 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 moves.
The key idea for this opening is to control the center quickly. To do this the pawn must be moved to the center on 1, this move also gives more moving space for the white’s bishop and queen. When playing 2.nf3 the white immediately attacks the black central pawn on e5.
Afterwards, the white moves its bishop to c4 square where it faces the black’s f7 pawn. By following these ideas the white achieves the 3 main goals of any opening: preparation for castling into safety, the control of the center and rapid development.
2. The Queen’s Gambit Declined
This is one of the classical responses to 1.d4 and was mostly played by great players in history. It is one of the oldest chess opening and it is known by the moves of 1.d4 d5 2. c4 e6. Starting this game is by occupying 1.d4 with the 1.e4. if you have the black, you ought to know how to response to this move. The black replies with 1…d5. White usually plays back with 2.d4 to attack the d5 pawn then puts pressure on the center.
The most common way for the black to defend its d5 pawn is to play 2…e6. This is a solid opening in which black strictly defends the d5 pawn. The move 2…e6 can free the dark-squared bishop on square f8 so it can be moved to e7, bringing black a step closer to castling. Though, the downside of 2…e6 is that it gets to face the light-squared bishop.
3. Ruy Lopez
The Ruy Lopez or also known as the Spanish opening has an opening that starts with 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5. This is also an old opening; it was named after the 16th Century Spanish priest who published a book about chess in 1561, Ruy Lopez de Segura. However, eventhough it was named after him the use of this opening didn’t develop until the mid 1800’s when it was rediscovered by Jaenisch, a Russian theoretician. The first ever record of the Ruy Lopez opening was back in 1803 between an unknown player and Hermann Victor Hesse that ended with 1-0.
White creates a potential block of the d pawn or knight and then starts an attack while simultaneously preparing the castling. White directs pressure on the black’s e pawn and then tries to move pawn on d4. It’s known that the black’s best reply towards the move 3 is a6, this attacks the white’s attacking bishop. The white can back up using Ba4 or exchange pieces by moving Bxc6.
All of the things stated above are just few of the many recommendations for novices. There are still more different openings out there. However, included here are one of the three best chest openings that could be great for beginners. You just need to follow the steps, as well as the rules that are included above. Always think about your next moves and then for sure, you will do great. Chess is one of the best strategic board games and is being played by millions and millions of people all over the world. It requires patience, concentration and tactical consideration to beat your opponents. So, don’t rush and just take your time learning about the openings.