Learn to Play Chess in 5 Minutes or Less

Do you want to learn how to play chess easily and quickly? Then you have come to the right place, in this article we will teach you about all the chess rules, how chess pieces move, special rules, tactics, basic strategies, and a lot more in just the span of 5 minutes or even less!

Like any other board games out there, there are several tactics and rules that every player needs to understand, and chess is no different from them. Therefore, before you can become one of the best chess players out there, you are required to learn about a good strategy and of course, some basic knowledge about the game to be able to execute a decent gameplay.

Basic Set Up

Before we learn about how to play the game, let us first discuss where the chess pieces should be placed.

Chess can be played by two players: the first player can control the white pieces, and the second one can control the black pieces. Both will be referred to as White or Black depending on the color of the pieces that they are controlling.

The board is composed of 8×8 grids, which are all equalized squares and are alternatively in white or black. For white players, the black square of the chessboard should be on their left side.

The horizontal rows of the board game are called “ranks”, while the vertical columns are called “files”. The ranks are referred to as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th, while the files are referred to as A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and H.

At the beginning of the game, each player starts with 16 colored pieces of their choice. Later on, we will discuss the pieces’ names and their moves.

The Moves of Chess Pieces

The player who is controlling the white pieces usually starts the game, therefore, they’ll be the first to make a move. After White has made their move, the one that is paly8ing the black pieces is permitted to make their move. Skipping moves are not permitted in the game.

Also, players are not allowed to move a piece on the square that is already occupied by a chess piece of the same color. However, if the board’s square is occupied by a chess piece of the opposite color, then replacing the opponent’s piece with your piece is called “capture”.

The opponent’s piece will be removed from the board, and the oppositely colored chess piece will be placed on that square instead.

The main objective of the game is to put the opponent’s king under attack, where the player can no longer make a move to save its king, this is called “checkmate”. The player who has checkmate their opponent wins the game. When both players cannot checkmate their opponent’s king, the game will end with a draw.

Now here the pieces’ names and their applicable movements:



A rook piece can move anywhere along the file horizontally on where it stands. The rook pieces are considered to be stronger than the bishops as it can move on both light and dark squares. It is best to place a rook in the center of the board game so that it can control 16 squares. Each rook piece is worth 5 points.



Like the rook, the bishop is also a long-range piece that can anywhere in a diagonal line. A light squared bishop cannot be placed on dark squares diagonally, same for the opponent’s dark-colored piece. And like the rook, the bishop piece is best placed on the center as it can control a lot of squares from there. Each bishop is worth 3 points.



The knight is the unique piece with the shape of horse’s head, these chess pieces move in an “L” shape. The knight is actually a very unique piece, as it’s the only piece that can jump over all the other pieces. A knight is much stronger when placed in the center of the board than on a corner. A knight piece may have a shorter range, but it’s also worth 3 points like the bishop.



This chess piece is the most powerful piece in the game of chess. The queen can move in diagonal, file, or rank on where it stands. You can think of the queen as a combination of both the rook and bishop pieces.

When a queen is placed at the center of the chessboard, it can then control all 29 squares of the chessboard. A queen is worth 9 points, and sometimes could even worth 10 points.



And now for the pawns, the pawn pieces are least and weakest pieces in the chess army. However, if a pawn reaches the opposite end of the side, it can be promoted to any kind of pieces even the queen piece.

As for the pawns movements, it can move in three various ways:

  • If it’s the pawn’s first movement, it can move in 2 squares vertically.
  • If it’s not piece’s first move, it can move one square at a time in front of it, as long as there are no other pieces in front of it.
  • A pawn cannot attack an opponent’s piece in front of it, but it can attack an opponent that is vertically placed from them. However, they can only move one square at a time even if they are attacking the opponent’s piece.

A Simple Pawn Play

The pawn piece may be the weakest of the following chess pieces, but it is also definitely an important piece like the others. First, it’s because you have 8 pieces of them, and two you can promote them in any piece that you wanted. A pawn can also threaten a position.

The general rule for a thumb is that, the closer a pawn is to the promotion square, the stronger the pawn will be. Since they are the weakest pieces in the game, they can be set up as an excellent fork. If you want to learn a simple chess strategy to keep up or beat your friends, then you can go check out a couple of essential chess strategies and tactics in different sites.

Final Thoughts:

Now, these are all the basic things that you need to know about chess, which is all essential in becoming a great chess player in the future. We hope that this article has helped you understand the basics of the chess game, and has helped you out in making a decent game against your friends.

1 thought on “Learn to Play Chess in 5 Minutes or Less”

  1. I learnt that, some pieces move, and you need to move them. Thank you for this extraordinary enlightening experience. Now, I will not live the dark anymore. Thy sais that chess is just a game, but I now know, that its a way of life. So once again, thank you, for taking me away from the chains of despair, and guiding me, to the path of excellence.
    God bless chess
    God bless leeks
    God bless Zimbwabe.

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